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A striking indigo coloured gem, whose inconsistent colouring, streaking and blotching of different shades and tints render it truly unique. Its name comes from the Greek ‘kyanos’, meaning deep blue, though it is more commonly found in its blue variety, other much rarer varieties, such as Orange Kyanite and Black Kyanite, do exist and are greatly sought after. In crystal therapy, Kyanite is an exceptional crystal, able to enhance communication and self-expression. Its energy is unlimited and it is only one of two minerals on this world which never accumulate negative energy and can thus be used to cleanse and recharge other crystals.
What is Kyanite?
Kyanite is a member of the large silicate group. More specifically, it is an aluminium nesosilicate, relatively common in nature. This stunning mineral forms at high temperatures and high pressure and may be subject to changes or even morph into other minerals according to alterations in the climatic and environmental conditions: it changes into Andalusite (when conditions are medium pressure and low temperatures) or into Sillimanite (when the pressure is variable and the temperature is high).
Characteristics of Kyanite
This gorgeous gem is a heavy but fragile crystal which typically displays a splendid vitreous or pearly lustre and a translucent to clear diaphaneity. Its colouring is usually inconsistent and presents colour zoning, streaking and blotching of different shades or even different tints within a single crystal.
Kyanite is a anisotropic mineral, it is in fact also known as ‘Distene’ (from the Greek dis = two and stenos = strength) which alludes to the gem’s peculiarity of being a varying hardness depending on its crystallographic direction: it measures 4 to 5 on the Mohs scale along the length of the crystal (it is therefore relatively fragile) while it measures 6.5 to 7 along the width (thus is very hard). Because it’s a relatively brittle stone, Kyanite can easily chip when cut or chiselled and tends to be unsuitable for jewellery. However, when expertly cut, it becomes an exquisite and unique gem and is typically set in jewellery pieces less prone to impacts or scratching (such as earrings or pendants). The quality of the cut and faceting confer a gem its value: a deep-blue Kyanite crystal expertly cut and set in jewellery is no doubt dazzling, rare, and very sought after.
Types of Kyanite
This is an allochromatic gem: in its pure state, Kyanite is colourless, and it is the presence of impurities (traces of other minerals) within the gem which give it colour. The majority of Kyanite crystals are extracted in the form of unevenly coloured elongate crystals of a stunning deep blue colour, due to the presence of iron and titanium impurities (similarly to Sapphires). Though gems displaying other colours do exist, these are far less common. Among these are the recently discovered Orange Kyanite, Green Kyanite and Grey Kyanite. Black Kyanite is an extremely rare variety and owes its pigmentation to contamination with fine coal dust.
Delicateness and frailty are Kyanite’s primary distinctive traits: this mineral can easily scratch or chip if accidentally knocked. A further characteristic which makes this a unique and beautiful gem is the inconsistency of its colouring: the streaking and blotching within each crystal make them distinctive and easily distinguishable from other gems of similar colour. There is no market for man-made ‘fakes’ - though, because of similar colour and hue, Kyanite can be confused for Blue Sapphire, considered a more precious stone.
Where can Kyanite be found?
This splendid mineral forms in aluminium rich deposits, in conditions of elevated temperature and pressure. Kyanite gems of outstanding quality are known to come from deposits along the Kali Gandaki river in Nepal, along the border with Tibet. Deposits of Orange Kyanite have recently been discovered in Tanzania, while exceptionally large teal-coloured Kyanite crystals have been unearthed along the Umba river in Kenya. Other noteworthy deposits are found in Brazil, in the United States (specifically in North Carolina and Georgia), in northwest France (in the Morbihan department of Brittany) and in Switzerland (in the Ticino Canton).
Properties of Kyanite
Kyanite is thought to be a powerful gem for alleviating ailments linked to the nervous system and to emotional distress: it is thus deemed a solid support to those affected by epilepsy, autism and any issues relating to a shortage of mental energy.
From a physical point of view, it stimulates the brain’s function and it is thought to slow down its aging process. It is often used for the wellbeing of the throat and larynx, as it contrasts hoarseness and stuttering.
Its positive energy is said to improve the ability to communicate and develop self-expression: for this reason this is a much appreciated stone among singers and artists. Furthermore, on a psychic level, it is often utilised to strengthen one’s self-awareness and confidence. It also enhances the capacity to communicate for the purpose of resolving differences and disharmony: this is a particularly useful crystal to have in the course of negotiations, diplomatic missions or when mediating difficult relationships.
Kyanite is a high vibration crystal, making it a powerful energy conductor which supports our processes of identification and stimulates the development of various aspects of our being. It can also free us from fatalistic attitudes and from resignation, while encouraging us to adopt a more decisive action.
In crystal therapy, Kyanite is one of only two minerals in the world which do not accumulate negative energies (the other being Citrine), it therefore never requires cleansing or purification. Furthermore, its energy is limitless and it is often used to cleanse and rebalance other healing crystals.
In order to benefit from a Kyanite talisman, this has to be worn or carried for long periods of times (months if not years). It works at its best when taking a relaxing walk, held tightly in one hand or in contact with the skin around the heart area, while focusing on our current life and on the new life journey we would like to embark upon: the physical act of walking is taken to symbolise our more spiritual journey. This meditation exercise should be carried out at least once every two weeks for a quarter of an hour or more. Furthermore, proximity to a Kyanite crystal at nighttimes can help with elaborating ideas and having intuitions during sleep.
The energy of Kyanite is easily accessible, gentle and balanced, making this one of the major crystals utilised in mediation. When using this gem, a deep state of meditation can be attained with ease thanks to its inherent properties. Furthermore, its high energy potential favours the opening of the Third Eye, thus connecting us with the higher realms.
This beautiful gem is associated to two chakras: the Fifth (Vishudda) and the Sixth (Ajna). Vishudda is also known as the Throat Chakra and is connected to creative processes, to communication and artistic expression. It represents the body’s ‘voice’, which allows the energy of all other chakras to flow freely, allowing us to express ourselves. Anja instead is the Third Eye Chakra, at the heart of our perception and awareness. It conveys clarity to our experiences, and increases our awareness and understanding of the world. Kyanite is often used to realign chakras and clear meridians, thus having a calming effect on our entire being. Furthermore, Kyanite crystals have specific properties linked to their colour:
Blue Kyanite: blue crystals are the most common and encapsulate the celestial vault’s energy during that time of year when winter gives way to spring and the sun starts rising higher above the horizon. These blue stones inspire faith, patience, trust and respect, helping us become more sincere, be more trustworthy and act more responsibly. They help us accept our state of being and the path we have chosen, influencing our ability to reconcile differences and deal with inner conflicts. This gem is an indispensible aid during periods of transition, specifically when attempting to shed destructive patterns and seeking a more righteous path.
Indigo Kyanite: indigo coloured gems confer wisdom to those who wear them and foster introspection. These qualities make this an outstanding crystal to be used when embarking on a spiritual journey.
Green Kyanite: green stones are also known as “growth crystals”, meaning they are potent catalysts for vital energy during birth, evolution and creation. In contact with the lively energy of these gems one acquires awareness of the perfection of the flow of life energy within the whole universe. Green Kyanite is a powerful ally when realising new projects or embarking on a new journey, such as setting up a family or changing career. A green crystal is also a powerful talisman for those setting off on travels.
Orange Kyanite: orange Kyanite gems radiate optimism and are impressively uplifting as they help recuperate energy and realign all of our chakras. They are especially beneficial for unblocking and rebalancing the second chakra (Svadisthana, the Sacral Chakra), which relates to all pleasures, desire and creativity. This makes Orange Kyanite a powerful stimulus the creativity within us.
Black Kyanite: black crystals strengthen our ties to the natural world. They carry with them power and strength, and ward off fear by protecting us from enemies. Black Kyanite gems are often utilised during meditation to help access memories of past lives or visions of a possible future, while still maintaining a strong connection to Mother Earth.