The term garnet (from the Latin "ganatus" which means "grains") indicates a very interesting mineralogical group for the variety of shapes and splendid colors. Depending on their variety they are found in different environmental conditions. They are commonly associated with other minerals such as diamond, topaz, tourmaline, spinel, beryl etc ... Garnet are silicates of various bivalent and trivalent elements such as calcium, iron, manganese, aluminum, chromium and titanium. The coloring, which changes according to the chemical components, is very varied. Traces of yttrium, zirconium and titanium have been found as chemical impurities. From a petrological point of view, the term garnet refers to six minerals: almandine (red-violet color); pyrope (ruby red color); grossularia (essonite, cinnamon yellow, cinnamon red); spessartite (honey-yellow, yellow-brown color); andradite (demantoid, green, yellow-green color; Topazolite, yellow-gold color; Melanite, yellow-black color); uvarovite (intense emerald-green color). The garnet has a vitreous luster and very variable transparency: it goes from limpid, transparent to completely opaque garnets. As a gem of primary importance, garnet has been widely used in ancient times to produce necklaces. It is still used as a gemstone for the manufacture of ornamental objects; because of its remarkable hardness, it is ground and used as an abrasive for the processing of the garnets themselves and for cutting the gems of lower hardness.
Important deposits are located in India, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.
Garnet activates and strengthens the survival instinct bringing hope and courage.